今日の単語 take a toll on

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Take a toll on/ take its toll on

  • toll は料金。高速道路の料金所を思い出します。
  • 何に対して料金をとられるのでしょう。
  • 料金を払うのは嬉しくないですから、ネガティブなことかな。

If you say that something takes its toll or takes a heavy toll, you mean that it has a bad effect or causes a lot of suffering.

to cause harm or suffering

to have a serious, bad effect on someone or something: to cause harm or damage

~に被害[損害]を与える、~に犠牲を強いる

何かと引き換えになってしまう感じですね。例文でニュアンスをつかんでおきましょう。

The constant stress takes its toll on emergency room workers.

緊急救命室で勤務することで常にストレスに晒されるスタッフへの悪影響はかなりのもの。

Winter takes its toll on your health.

冬は健康には厳しい影響を与える

Higher fuel prices took their toll.

燃料価格の高騰はボディブローのようにきいてくる

The problems of the past few months have taken their toll on her health and there are shadows under her eyes.

ここ数か月問題続きで、彼女は身体的にも疲弊して目の下にクマをつくっている。

The deepening recession has also taken its toll in the south of the country, where unemployment is rife.

不景気が進み、その国の失業率の高い南部地域が犠牲を受けている。

Russians grow more critical as Putin’s military operation drags on and sanctions take a toll – This year, the feeling of melancholy is increased by the sight of shuttered shops on many of the capital’s streets, as businesses face the economic fall-out from massive Western sanctions in response to the war in Ukraine, which Russian officials still call the “special military operation.” – “The mood in Moscow and the country is now extremely gloomy, quiet, intimidated, and hopeless,” said 34-year-old Lisa, who declined to give her last name and said she was a film producer. “The planning horizon is as low as ever. People have no idea what might happen tomorrow or in a year.” By Frederik Pleitgen, Claudia Otto and Ana Archen, CNN
Updated 10:52 AM EST, Wed November 23, 2022

ロシアの軍事作戦が継続し、外国からの経済制裁の影響でロシアは危機的な状況です。

今日の単語(表現)は
take a toll on/ take its toll on
悪影響をもたらす、犠牲を強いる
でした

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