今日の単語 sciatica

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sciatica

  • 座りっぱなしオフィスワーカーによくある悩み
  • 中高年によくある悩み
  • いちばんの防止策は筋トレかな

今日は単純に名詞なので、日本語訳からいきましょう。

坐骨神経痛

坐骨神経痛を経験していない人にとって、英英辞典の説明は日本語よりわかりやすいですね。

pain in the lower part of the back and the back of the legs

Sciatica is a severe pain in the nerve in your legs or the lower part of your back.

今日は坐骨神経痛について、どんな原因が考えられるのかを英文で勉強してみましょう。10個あがっていますが、糖尿病や喫煙は少し意外でした。

Sciatica pain is caused by an irritation, inflammation, pinching or compression of a nerve in the lower back. The most common cause is a herniated or slipped disk that causes pressure on the nerve root. Most people with sciatica get better on their own with time and self-care treatments.

What are the risk factors for sciatica? You are at greater risk of sciatica if you:

  1. Have an injury/previous injury: An injury to your lower back or spine puts you at greater risk for sciatica.
  2. Live life: With normal aging comes a natural wearing down of bone tissue and disks in your spine. Normal aging can put your nerves at risk of being injured or pinched by the changes and shifts in bone, disks and ligaments.
  3. Are overweight: Your spine is like a vertical crane. Your muscles are the counterweights. The weight you carry in the front of your body is what your spine (crane) has to lift. The more weight you have, the more your back muscles (counterweights) have to work. This can lead to back strains, pains and other back issues.
  4. Lack a strong core: Your “core” are the muscles of your back and abdomen. The stronger your core, the more support you’ll have for your lower back. Unlike your chest area, where your rib cage provides support, the only support for your lower back is your muscles.
  5. Have an active, physical job: Jobs that require heavy lifting may increase your risk of low back problems and use of your back, or jobs with prolonged sitting may increase your risk of low back problems.
  6. Lack proper posture in the weight room: Even if you are physically fit and active, you can still be prone to sciatica if you don’t follow proper body form during weight lifting or other strength training exercises.
  7. Have diabetes: Diabetes increases your chance of nerve damage, which increases your chance of sciatica.
  8. Have osteoarthritis: Osteoarthritis can cause damage to your spine and put nerves at risk of injury.
  9. Lead an inactive lifestyle: Sitting for long period of time and not exercising and keeping your muscles moving, flexible and toned can increase your risk of sciatica.
  10. Smoke: The nicotine in tobacco can damage spinal tissue, weaken bones, and speed the wearing down of vertebral disks. 

Reference: Cleveland Clinic

今日の単語

sciatica 坐骨神経痛

8か月前の単語は anecdotal 逸話の https://himekurieitango.anecdotal

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